Sonderweg (german: [ˈzɔndɐˌveːk], special path) identifies the theory in german historiography that considers the german-speaking lands or the country germany itself to have followed a course from aristocracy to democracy unlike any other in europe. The sonderweg debate will continue to be a fruitful academic pursuit for the foreseeable future, as historians on both sides of the debate continue to refine and attack the idea that the failure of liberal democratic traditions to take hold in imperial germany foreshadowed the fascist regime of the national socialists.
The sonderweg (meaning special path) thesis is an example of the historiography of the nazi's rise to power in germany that argues that hitler's rise to power was only the natural course of action because of germany's history and preoccupation with strong authoritarian leaders and a lack of significant liberalization across its history.
The sonderweg of german history before 1940s there was a positive sonderweg thesis that promoted favorably the differences of germany from other western nations this is similar to what every nation does, showing their best side, why they are better or, in a good sense, different than other nations.
The more deterministic aspects of wehler’s groundbreaking deutsche kaiserreich have fallen from favor, and yet even the most diehard opponents of the sonderweg thesis generally agree that the authoritarian nature of imperial germany influenced the rise of the third reich. Supporting a sonderweg assumes there is a “normal path” that germany could have taken to define what a “normal” path is, is much to subjective a “value judgment,” and the belief in the superiority of “the west.
The sonderweg thesis is an argument about german history that purports to explain why (among other things) nazism or a similar political system was inevitable in germany before world war ii. It is also central to the thesis of a german sonderweg (separate path), that german history, from at least the nineteenth century onwards, deviated significantly from more benign developments in western europe the argument is that in germany, as compared with france and particularly britain, the middle class, the main carrier of the liberal idea, was weak.
The sonderweg thesis tried to answer the question why - in contrast to comparable, highly developed countries in the west and the north - germany became fascist and/or totalitarian in the general crisis of. Sonderweg thesis sonderweg thesis introduction one major dilemma in people's minds regarding germany is how could a relatively civil country all of a sudden turn towards nazism and commit so many mass murders for no reason, many analyst and researchers have pondered over this issue until many have stated that the underlying reason behind the rise of the nazism is the sonderweg thesis.
The argument is that in germany, as compared with france and particularly britain, the middle class, the main carrier of the liberal idea, was weak hence the progress from absolute monarchy through parliamentary government to democracy was stalled the revolution of 1848, meant to bring parliamentary government to germany, was defeated. Sonderweg: the closing of the german mind mini teaser: germany's september election displayed the effects of its 68ers' long march through the institutions herewith an assessment and a critique. Kocka: german history before hitler this is only a very brief description of the sonderweg thesis presented in a simplified form many historians have contributed to this line of thought, usually without using the word 'sonderweg', and the above outline has not done justice to their individual contri- butions.