The last valley: dien bien phu and the french defeat in vietnam is an outstanding example of the non-fiction writer's art i cannot imagine a better book on dien bien phu i cannot imagine a better book on dien bien phu. Vietnam war study guide by zach-richter includes 21 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more mountainous northwest corner of vietnam that was the site of a major french defeat at the hands of the viet minh in 1954 the french attempted to lure the viet minh into a trap at dien bien phu, where a central base with an airstrip was.
The victory by the soldiers of ho chi minh would weigh on the geneva negotiations, at the end of which, on 21 july 1954, the french prime minister pierre mendès-france signed the agreement ending the first war in indochina it had lasted eight years, leaving 3,420 killed and 5,300 wounded among the french, and many more among the viet minh. The viet minh retaliated by attacking french positions in haiphong and hanoi, though these attacks were repelled by french artillery and naval guns by mid-december, the two sides were openly at war aside from ho chi minh, the viet minh’s most notable military leader was vo nguyen giap.
The battle of dien bien phu (french: bataille de diên biên phu pronounced [bataj də djɛn bjɛn fy] vietnamese: chiến dịch điện biên phủ, ipa: [ɗîəˀn ɓīən fû]) was the climactic confrontation of the first indochina war between the french union's french far east expeditionary corps and viet minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries. The french encircled the việt minh base, việt bắc, in 1947, but failed to defeat the việt minh forces, and had to retreat soon after the campaign is now widely considered a việt minh victory over the well-equipped french force.
Exactly 61 years ago, french troops located at the camp of dien bien phu on the border of vietnam and laos, were defeated by the fighters of viet minh, the league for the independence of vietnam, led by general ho chi minh.
The viet minh laid charges just in front of the remaining french positions, setting them off to signal the start of the final assault the huge hole they made is still visible chi, a witty old.
The french capitulated to the viet minh at the battle of dien bien phu march 13 -- may 7, 1954 2 people found this useful what should the us have learned politically and militarily from the french defeat at dien bien phu and the french loss to the viet minh. The viet minh defeated the french in 1954 due to the strong leadership of ho chi minh vietnam's sense of nationalism and the determination to rid the foreign intruder, and the viet minh's political and military tactics were decisive factors which would contribute to their victory at dien bien phu.
By the end of the month, there were six parachute battalions in dien bien phu and their initial firefights against the viet minh were successful enough to give the french commander there, colonel christian de castries, a great deal of confidence. The viet minh was formed in the 1940s as a nationalist group seeking vietnamese independence as in other asian countries, vietnamese nationalism was largely a product of the early 20th century the writings of nationalists like phan chu trinh (1872-1926) and phan boi chau (1867-1940) condemned french colonialism and demanded a struggle to remove it. In march, a force of 40,000 viet minh troops with heavy artillery had surrounded 15,000 french soldiers, holding the french position under siege the viet minh guerrillas had been fighting a long and bloody war with french colonial interests for control of vietnam since 1946. Viet minh and us soldiers during world war ii the viet minh was one of several vietnamese groups to struggle against foreign rule in time it evolved into a significant political movement and a military force, strong enough to defeat the french the viet minh was formed in the 1940s as a.
The first indochina war ended in french defeat following the surrender of a french army to the viet minh rebels in the battle of dien bien phu in 1954 france began its conquest of indochina in 1859, and by 1885, controlled most of vietnam, cambodia, and laos. In 1946, war broke out between communist insurgents in north vietnam, called the viet minh, and the french colonial government in the spring of 1954, the viet minh surrounded and destroyed the primary french fortress in north vietnam at dien bien phu. The french capitulated to the viet minh at the battle of dien bien phu march 13 -- may 7, 1954.